High fat, high cholesterol diets alter low density lipoprotein size and binding affinity in monkeys

J HannahB V Howard


The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of various dietary fats on low density lipoprotein (LDL) binding in an in vitro system where receptor number is not regulated. Cynomolgus monkeys were fed diets containing 37% of energy from fat, with various degrees of saturation, and 0.4 mg/kcal cholesterol or low-fat (13% of energy), low cholesterol (0.03 mg/kcal) chow. Plasma LDL was isolated after 16 weeks. The fatty acid composition of LDL showed enrichment corresponding to the dietary fats consumed, and the high fat, high cholesterol diets produced marked hypercholesterolemia compared to chow feeding. Of those fed the high fat diets, monkeys fed the fish oil diet had the highest LDL cholesterol concentrations, 13.25 +/- 0.77 mmol/l, while those fed the safflower oil diet had the lowest, 7.51 +/- 3.31. LDL from chow fed monkeys had the lowest binding affinity; the Kd was 26.2 +/- 8.7 microg/ml, nearly twice that of the high fat diets (P = 0.003). No significant differences in binding were found between the different high fat diets, although there was a trend toward lower affinity in the diets enriched in polyunsaturated fat. LDL size was affected by diet with chow fed monkeys having the smallest average LDL, 259.3 +/- 1...Continue Reading


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