Apr 3, 2020

An influenza A hemagglutinin small-molecule fusion inhibitor identified by a new high-throughput fluorescence polarization screen.

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Y. YaoDennis W. Wolan

Abstract

Influenza hemagglutinin (HA) glycoprotein is the primary surface antigen targeted by the host immune response and a focus for development of novel vaccines, broadly neutralizing antibodies (bnAbs) and therapeutics. HA enables viral entry into host cells via receptor binding and membrane fusion and is a validated target for drug discovery. However, to date, only a very few bona fide small molecules have been reported against the HA. To identity new antiviral lead candidates against the highly conserved fusion machinery in the HA stem, we synthesized a fluorescence-polarization probe based on a recently described neutralizing cyclic peptide P7 derived from the complementarity-determining region loops of human bnAbs FI6v3 and CR9114 against the HA stem. We then designed a robust binding assay compatible with high-throughput screening to identify molecules with low M to nM affinity to influenza A group 1 HAs. Our simple, low-cost, and efficient in vitro assay was used to screen H1/Puerto Rico/8/1934 HA trimer against approximately 72,000 compounds. The crystal structure of H1/Puerto Rico/8/1934 HA in complex with our best hit compound F0045(S) confirmed that it binds to pockets in the HA stem similar to bnAbs FI6v3 and CR9114, cycl...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Fertility
Y Chromosome
Reproduction
Disease Transmission
Simulation
Laboratory Culture
Genes, Y-Linked
Asians
Silo (Dataset)
Male Population Group

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