High frequency oscillation, respiratory activity and changes in blood gases

Early Human Development
V ChanG Dimitriou


Spontaneous respiratory activity during high frequency oscillation (HFO) and its relationship to changes in blood gases on transfer to HFO has been assessed. Eighteen infants were studied, median gestational age 27 weeks and postnatal age 1 day. Simultaneous measurements of changes in oesophageal and airway pressure, flow and volume were made during a period of conventional ventilation and then during HFO. From these recordings, the infants' spontaneous respiratory rate during the two ventilatory techniques were calculated. Arterial blood gases were measured immediately before and after a 30-min period of HFO. All the infants were breathing during conventional ventilation (median rate of 55 breaths/min). On transfer to HFO, the respiratory rate of the whole group decreased to a median of 23 breaths/min (P < 0.001), but only five infants became apnoeic. The changes in respiratory rate did not relate significantly to changes in PaCO2. Oxygenation deteriorated in four of the five apnoeic infants and in the two infants who became agitated during HFO. In the remaining 11 infants, whose median respiratory rate was 28 breaths/min (range 15-77) during HFO, oxygenation improved by a median of 12 mmHg (range 4-42). We conclude that, in t...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Carbon Dioxide
Gestational Age
High-Frequency Oscillation Ventilation
Neonatal Prematurity

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