High frequency oscillation, respiratory activity and changes in blood gases

Early Human Development
V ChanG Dimitriou

Abstract

Spontaneous respiratory activity during high frequency oscillation (HFO) and its relationship to changes in blood gases on transfer to HFO has been assessed. Eighteen infants were studied, median gestational age 27 weeks and postnatal age 1 day. Simultaneous measurements of changes in oesophageal and airway pressure, flow and volume were made during a period of conventional ventilation and then during HFO. From these recordings, the infants' spontaneous respiratory rate during the two ventilatory techniques were calculated. Arterial blood gases were measured immediately before and after a 30-min period of HFO. All the infants were breathing during conventional ventilation (median rate of 55 breaths/min). On transfer to HFO, the respiratory rate of the whole group decreased to a median of 23 breaths/min (P < 0.001), but only five infants became apnoeic. The changes in respiratory rate did not relate significantly to changes in PaCO2. Oxygenation deteriorated in four of the five apnoeic infants and in the two infants who became agitated during HFO. In the remaining 11 infants, whose median respiratory rate was 28 breaths/min (range 15-77) during HFO, oxygenation improved by a median of 12 mmHg (range 4-42). We conclude that, in t...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Carbon Dioxide
Gestational Age
High-Frequency Oscillation Ventilation
Neonatal Prematurity
Dioxygen
Respiration

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Synthetic Genetic Array Analysis

Synthetic genetic arrays allow the systematic examination of genetic interactions. Here is the latest research focusing on synthetic genetic arrays and their analyses.

Neural Activity: Imaging

Imaging of neural activity in vivo has developed rapidly recently with the advancement of fluorescence microscopy, including new applications using miniaturized microscopes (miniscopes). This feed follows the progress in this growing field.

Computational Methods for Protein Structures

Computational methods employing machine learning algorithms are powerful tools that can be used to predict the effect of mutations on protein structure. This is important in neurodegenerative disorders, where some mutations can cause the formation of toxic protein aggregations. This feed follows the latests insights into the relationships between mutation and protein structure leading to better understanding of disease.

Congenital Hyperinsulinism

Congenital hyperinsulinism is caused by genetic mutations resulting in excess insulin secretion from beta cells of the pancreas. Here is the latest research.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Epigenetic Memory

Epigenetic memory refers to the heritable genetic changes that are not explained by the DNA sequence. Find the latest research on epigenetic memory here.

Cell Atlas of the Human Eye

Constructing a cell atlas of the human eye will require transcriptomic and histologic analysis over the lifespan. This understanding will aid in the study of development and disease. Find the latest research pertaining to the Cell Atlas of the Human Eye here.

Femoral Neoplasms

Femoral Neoplasms are bone tumors that arise in the femur. Discover the latest research on femoral neoplasms here.