High-intensity intermittent exercise and fat loss

Journal of Obesity
Stephen H Boutcher

Abstract

The effect of regular aerobic exercise on body fat is negligible; however, other forms of exercise may have a greater impact on body composition. For example, emerging research examining high-intensity intermittent exercise (HIIE) indicates that it may be more effective at reducing subcutaneous and abdominal body fat than other types of exercise. The mechanisms underlying the fat reduction induced by HIIE, however, are undetermined. Regular HIIE has been shown to significantly increase both aerobic and anaerobic fitness. HIIE also significantly lowers insulin resistance and results in a number of skeletal muscle adaptations that result in enhanced skeletal muscle fat oxidation and improved glucose tolerance. This review summarizes the results of HIIE studies on fat loss, fitness, insulin resistance, and skeletal muscle. Possible mechanisms underlying HIIE-induced fat loss and implications for the use of HIIE in the treatment and prevention of obesity are also discussed.

References

Jul 1, 1990·Brain Research Bulletin·S Rivest, D Richard
Jun 1, 1990·British Journal of Sports Medicine·L A KaminskyJ LaHam-Saeger
Jan 1, 1989·Journal of Applied Physiology·D RiviereM Garrigues
May 1, 1989·Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental·M Rebuffé-ScriveP Björntorp
Jul 1, 1986·The Journal of Applied Bacteriology·R E O'ConnorP K O'Rourke
Jul 1, 1986·Journal of Applied Physiology·F CrampesM Garrigues
Jul 1, 1994·Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental·A TremblayC Bouchard
Jan 1, 1994·European Journal of Applied Physiology and Occupational Physiology·Arlette Gratas-DelamarcheH Koubi
Aug 1, 1993·Journal of Applied Physiology·G C GaitanosS Brooks
Jun 1, 1993·Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, and Oral Pathology·M PeñarrochaJ V Bagán
May 1, 1996·Journal of Applied Physiology·M E TrumpLawrence L Spriet
Oct 1, 1996·Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise·I TabataK Yamamoto
Jan 1, 1996·European Journal of Applied Physiology and Occupational Physiology·M E NevillA M Nevill
Jan 1, 1997·European Journal of Applied Physiology and Occupational Physiology·J R HoffmanY Yarom
Jun 11, 1998·Journal of Applied Physiology·J D MacDougallK M Smith
Sep 17, 1998·Canadian Journal of Applied Physiology = Revue Canadienne De Physiologie Appliquée·K S AlmuzainiS B Green
Sep 19, 1998·Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise·Y WeinsteinB Falk
Oct 17, 1998·Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine·E J KraneD Murrell
Sep 29, 1999·European Journal of Applied Physiology and Occupational Physiology·M A ChristmassP G Arthur
Oct 9, 1999·The European Respiratory Journal·R CoppoolseE F Wouters
Oct 20, 2001·Spinal Cord·Nicolas TordiJ Lonsdorfer
Oct 11, 2003·European Journal of Applied Physiology·Sophie VincentArlette Gratas-Delamarche
Jun 5, 2004·European Journal of Cardiovascular Prevention and Rehabilitation : Official Journal of the European Society of Cardiology, Working Groups on Epidemiology & Prevention and Cardiac Rehabilitation and Exercise Physiology·Øivind RognmoStig A Slørdahl
Jul 21, 2004·International Journal of Obesity and Related Metabolic Disorders : Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity·P J TeixeiraT G Lohman
Nov 17, 2004·International Journal of Obesity : Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity·E M InelmenL Busetto
Jan 29, 2005·American Journal of Physiology. Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology·Maiko KawaguchiSheng Bi
Feb 12, 2005·Journal of Applied Physiology·Kirsten A BurgomasterMartin J Gibala
Mar 19, 2005·The Journal of Physiology·David B OlsenBengt Saltin
Apr 22, 2005·The American Journal of Cardiology·Darren E R WarburtonSammy Y Chan
Aug 25, 2005·Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal : SCJ·Stig A SlørdahlJan Helgerud
Nov 15, 2006·Journal of Sports Sciences·J LaForgiaC J Gore
Mar 6, 2007·American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology·Martin BuchheitSaïd Ahmaidi
Apr 7, 2007·Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise·Jan HelgerudJan Hoff
Sep 28, 2007·American Journal of Physiology. Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology·E G TrappStephen H Boutcher
Jan 17, 2008·International Journal of Obesity : Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity·E G TrappStephen H Boutcher
Jan 23, 2008·Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports·T VuorimaaT Vasankari
Mar 26, 2008·Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews·Martin J Gibala, Sean L McGee
Apr 18, 2008·Sports Medicine·Hassane ZouhalArlette Gratas-Delamarche
Dec 18, 2008·Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism = Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition Et Métabolisme·Christopher G R PerryLawrence L Spriet
Jan 30, 2009·Obesity Reviews : an Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity·T WuR M van Dam
May 19, 2009·Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism = Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition Et Métabolisme·Martin J Gibala
Jun 23, 2009·Obesity Reviews : an Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity·Stephen H Boutcher, S L Dunn
Jan 29, 2010·American Journal of Physiology. Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology·Jonathan P LittleMartin J Gibala
Feb 16, 2010·Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental·Laura J WhyteAndrew J Cathcart

Citations

Nov 1, 2012·European Journal of Applied Physiology·Kevin DeightonDavid J Stensel
Oct 8, 2013·European Journal of Applied Physiology·Benjamin KellyMyra A Nimmo
Oct 30, 2012·Clinical Autonomic Research : Official Journal of the Clinical Autonomic Research Society·Mehrdad HeydariStephen H Boutcher
Aug 3, 2013·Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism = Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition Et Métabolisme·Kevin DeightonDavid J Stensel
Nov 8, 2013·Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism = Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition Et Métabolisme·Cameron B WilliamsBrendon J Gurd
Jun 22, 2012·Journal of Obesity·Mehrdad HeydariStephen H Boutcher
Feb 21, 2014·Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism = Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition Et Métabolisme·Jenna B Gillen, Martin J Gibala
Apr 22, 2014·European Journal of Applied Physiology·Tracey GerberChristos George Stathis
Apr 30, 2014·Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism = Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition Et Métabolisme·Lauren E SkellyMartin J Gibala
Jun 7, 2014·Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism = Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition Et Métabolisme·Tom J HazellPeter W R Lemon
Apr 20, 2014·Sports Medicine·Greig R M LoganGrant Schofield
Nov 12, 2014·Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism = Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition Et Métabolisme·Logan K TownsendTom J Hazell
Jun 15, 2012·Sports Medicine·Thibaut GuiraudLaurent Bosquet
Oct 12, 2011·Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise·Nicolas PeyrotP Duché
Jan 2, 2016·European Journal of Applied Physiology·David J ElmerDavid D Pascoe
Jul 9, 2013·Perceptual and Motor Skills·Mehrdad Heydari, Stephen H Boutcher
Jun 26, 2013·PM & R : the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation·Heather K Vincent, Kevin R Vincent
Dec 12, 2012·International Journal of Psychophysiology : Official Journal of the International Organization of Psychophysiology·Mehrdad HeydariStephen H Boutcher
Feb 10, 2016·International Journal of Obesity : Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity·M ZaqoutS De Henauw
Mar 5, 2016·Journal of Sports Sciences·Abbie E Smith-RyanMalia N M Blue
Aug 21, 2015·European Journal of Sport Science·Anne DelextratJeanick Brisswalter
Oct 15, 2013·Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports·I LarsenA E Tjønna
Jul 11, 2015·European Journal of Applied Physiology·R S MetcalfeN B J Vollaard
Oct 7, 2015·Frontiers in Psychology·Fabrício Boscolo Del VecchioDavid H Fukuda
Apr 2, 2015·Safety and Health at Work·Sara A JahnkeWalker S Carlos Poston
Jun 15, 2016·Journal of Exercise Nutrition & Biochemistry·Daniel GahremanStephen H Boutcher
Oct 15, 2013·Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD·P De Feo
Nov 8, 2014·Biogerontology·Robert KobBarbara E Fischer
Dec 17, 2014·Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism = Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition Et Métabolisme·Kristine BeaulieuPeter W R Lemon
Nov 21, 2014·Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport·Jonathan P Little, Monique Francois
May 7, 2016·Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology·Chia-Hua Kuo, M Brennan Harris
Aug 9, 2016·The Keio Journal of Medicine·Koichiro Azuma, Hideo Matsumoto
Aug 16, 2016·Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism = Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition Et Métabolisme·Romeo B BatacanAndrew S Fenning
Sep 9, 2016·Journal of Human Hypertension·Yati N Boutcher, Stephen H Boutcher
Nov 4, 2016·Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism = Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition Et Métabolisme·Simon HigginsEllen M Evans
Apr 13, 2012·European Journal of Preventive Cardiology·Leslie Lorena Landaeta-DíazFrancisco Fuentes-Jiménez
Mar 22, 2013·European Journal of Preventive Cardiology·Espen RostrupJan Erik Nordrehaug
Jun 28, 2012·Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research = Revista Brasileira De Pesquisas Médicas E Biológicas·L C CarnevaliM C L Seelaender
Mar 10, 2017·Journal of Applied Microbiology·Romeo B BatacanD Stanley
May 18, 2017·Obesity Reviews : an Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity·Shelley E KeatingJ S Coombes
Sep 1, 2016·Sports Health·Ryan J SummittEmily J Slaven
Jun 22, 2017·The Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences·Kenneth Ladd SeldeenBruce Robert Troen
Apr 12, 2017·Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise·Catia MartinsBård Kulseng
Jul 18, 2015·Nutrients·Daniel GahremanStephen H Boutcher
Aug 2, 2017·Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism = Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition Et Métabolisme·Ghalia ShamlanAdam L Collins
Apr 28, 2018·Obesity Reviews : an Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity·P J WilliamsonA M Batterham
Jun 21, 2018·Physiological Reports·Rachel C McMullanFernando Pardo-Manuel de Villena
Jul 19, 2018·International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health·Abdullah AlansareHyun Chul Jung
Nov 4, 2017·Childhood Obesity·Napasakorn ChuensiriHirofumi Tanaka
Apr 24, 2018·Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise·Melyssa RoyRachael W Taylor
May 16, 2018·Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise·Nicole M GilbertsonSteven K Malin
Nov 20, 2018·Obesity Reviews : an Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity·L V AndreatoT de Carvalho
Jan 8, 2019·Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports·Alba Camacho-CardenosaJavier Brazo-Sayavera
Oct 18, 2018·Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism = Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition Et Métabolisme·Penelope LarsenMelissa Skein
Apr 11, 2014·The Proceedings of the Nutrition Society·Kevin Deighton, David J Stensel
Feb 14, 2019·The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness·Nicole D RyneckiKathleen S Beebe
Dec 24, 2015·Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition·Paulo Gentil
Sep 21, 2013·Journal of Applied Physiology·Anita T CoteDarren E R Warburton
Jun 19, 2019·Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise·Yati N BoutcherJarrod D Meerkin
Dec 25, 2015·Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism = Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition Et Métabolisme·Ghazi RacilJeremy B Coquart
Oct 12, 2019·Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports·Tze Y HoYati N Boutcher
Jan 29, 2020·Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery·Whitney ElksYuko M Komesu
Aug 10, 2019·Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention·Bruna T S AraújoDaniella Cunha Brandão
May 2, 2017·Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research·Tina A GreenleeAron K Barbey
Oct 29, 2019·Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research·Dierdra K BycuraKamiko M Ritchey
May 15, 2015·Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise·Clemens DrenowatzSteven N Blair
Mar 8, 2016·Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research·Wesley J TuckerGlenn A Gaesser
Dec 13, 2019·Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports·Sara C MonizTom J Hazell
Sep 26, 2019·Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism = Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition Et Métabolisme·Abigail A BroadTom J Hazell
Apr 29, 2020·The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness·Masoud MoghaddamBert H Jacobson
Jul 14, 2020·Obesity Reviews : an Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity·Valéria L G PanissaEmerson Franchini
May 9, 2020·Obesity Reviews : an Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity·Hassane ZouhalGeorges Jabbour
Aug 14, 2020·Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports·Haifeng ZhangJinlei Nie
Aug 25, 2017·International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health·Pooja BhatiJamal Ali Moiz
Apr 5, 2013·The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition·Paul J CollingsUlf Ekelund
Jul 17, 2018·European Journal of Applied Physiology·Malcolm BrownMarie H Murphy
Feb 11, 2019·European Journal of Applied Physiology·Daniel ZhangYati N Boutcher
Mar 20, 2019·International journal for vitamin and nutrition research. Internationale Zeitschrift für Vitamin- und Ernährungsforschung. Journal international de vitaminologie et de nutrition·Bogdan Augustin ChisDaniela Fodor
Jul 24, 2020·Sports·Gerald T MangineYuri Feito
Jun 11, 2011·Journal of Applied Physiology·Borja GuerraJosé A L Calbet
Apr 29, 2015·The Physician and Sportsmedicine·Abbie E Smith-RyanHailee L Wingfield
Oct 25, 2019·Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport·Pablo CorresSara Maldonado-Martín
Feb 12, 2020·The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness·Marziyeh SaghebjooIman Saffari
May 24, 2020·International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health·Eugenia Murawska-CialowiczDawid Goliński
Oct 17, 2015·Journal of Applied Physiology·Cinthia Maria Saucedo MarquezNicole Wenderoth
Apr 21, 2018·Sports Medicine·Ricardo B VianaPaulo Gentil
Mar 21, 2018·European Journal of Applied Physiology·Dejan ReljicJoachim Fischer
Apr 21, 2017·European Journal of Applied Physiology·Paulo GentilMário Hebling Campos
Oct 27, 2017·Obesity Science & Practice·Y TürkG J Braunstahl
Jun 22, 2016·American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine·Elizabeth F NagleBarry A Franklin
Feb 7, 2019·The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness·Marta Camacho-CardenosaRafael Timón
May 3, 2019·Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports·Dejan ReljicJoachim Fischer
Nov 23, 2015·JMIR Rehabilitation and Assistive Technologies·Vadim N Dedov, Irina V Dedova
Aug 19, 2017·Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research·Tina A GreenleeAron K Barbey
Oct 23, 2018·Stress : the International Journal on the Biology of Stress·Ross W MayFrank D Fincham
Oct 10, 2020·Lipids in Health and Disease·Gregory C HendersonMarc A Tuazon

Related Concepts

Chemically Induced
Fatty acid glycerol esters
Insulin Resistance
Obesity
Oxidation
Research
Glucose Tolerance
Skeletal Muscle Structure
Body Fat
Adaptation

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Synthetic Genetic Array Analysis

Synthetic genetic arrays allow the systematic examination of genetic interactions. Here is the latest research focusing on synthetic genetic arrays and their analyses.

Congenital Hyperinsulinism

Congenital hyperinsulinism is caused by genetic mutations resulting in excess insulin secretion from beta cells of the pancreas. Here is the latest research.

Neural Activity: Imaging

Imaging of neural activity in vivo has developed rapidly recently with the advancement of fluorescence microscopy, including new applications using miniaturized microscopes (miniscopes). This feed follows the progress in this growing field.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Epigenetic Memory

Epigenetic memory refers to the heritable genetic changes that are not explained by the DNA sequence. Find the latest research on epigenetic memory here.

Cell Atlas of the Human Eye

Constructing a cell atlas of the human eye will require transcriptomic and histologic analysis over the lifespan. This understanding will aid in the study of development and disease. Find the latest research pertaining to the Cell Atlas of the Human Eye here.

Femoral Neoplasms

Femoral Neoplasms are bone tumors that arise in the femur. Discover the latest research on femoral neoplasms here.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

Related Papers

International Journal of Obesity : Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
E G TrappStephen H Boutcher
Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism = Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition Et Métabolisme
Cameron B WilliamsBrendon J Gurd
Clinical Autonomic Research : Official Journal of the Clinical Autonomic Research Society
Mehrdad HeydariStephen H Boutcher
Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism = Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition Et Métabolisme
Kevin DeightonDavid J Stensel
© 2021 Meta ULC. All rights reserved