Feb 10, 1976

High molecular weight deoxyribonucleic acid polymerase from crown gall tumor cells of periwinkle (Vinca rosea)

Biochemistry
J M Gardner, C I Kado

Abstract

A high molecular weight (6 S) plant DNA polymerase from axenic Vinca rosea tissue culture cells has been purified 2200-fold and characterized. The enzyme has a molecular weight of 105 000 (+/-5000). Sodium dodecyl sulfate-acrylamide gel electrophoresis of the purified enzyme yields polypeptide subunits having molecular weights of 70 000 and 34 000. The purified enzyme has a pH optimum of 7.5; a cation requirement optimum of 6 mM Mg2+ or 0.5 mM Mn2+; an apparent requirement for Zn2+; a Km of 1 muM for dTTP; and a 3.5-fold stimulation by 50 mM KCl. The enzyme is sensitive to N-ethylmaleimide (1 mM), heparin (0.1 muM), ethanol (5%), pyrophosphate (0.05 muM), and o-phenanthroline (0.1 mM) but is insensitive to rifamycin. Denatured DNA is found to be the best natural template, and only negligible activity can be demonstrated with the ribopolymer templates poly(dT)n-poly(rA)n and p(dT)10-poly(rA)n. In addition to the polymerization reaction, the enzyme catalyzes a pyrophosphate exchange reaction. Antibody to calf thymus 6-8S DNA polymerase does not inhibit DNA polymerase from Vinca rosea, suggesting no antigenic relationships between the mammalian and plant enzymes.

  • References20
  • Citations11

References

Mentioned in this Paper

Ethylmaleimide
Tumor Cells, Uncertain Whether Benign or Malignant
Manganese
Structure of Calf of Leg
Ethanol
Acrylamide
Heparin
Ethanol Measurement
Enzymes, antithrombotic
Neoplasm of Uncertain or Unknown Behavior of Thymus

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