Apr 28, 2020

RNA-GPS Predicts SARS-CoV-2 RNA Localization to Host Mitochondria and Nucleolus

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
K. E. WuHoward Y Chang

Abstract

The SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus is driving a global pandemic, but its biological mechanisms are less well understood. SARS-CoV-2 is an RNA virus whose multiple genomic and sub-genomic RNA (sgRNA) transcripts hijack the host cell's machinery, located across distinct cytotopic locations. Subcellular localization of its viral RNA could play important roles in viral replication and host antiviral immune response. Here we perform computational modeling of SARS-CoV-2 viral RNA localization across eight subcellular neighborhoods. We compare hundreds of SARS-CoV-2 genomes to the human transcriptome and other coronaviruses and perform systematic sub-sequence analyses to identify the responsible signals. Using state-of-the-art machine learning models, we predict that the SARS-CoV-2 RNA genome and all sgRNAs are enriched in the host mitochondrial matrix and nucleolus. The 5' and 3' viral untranslated regions possess the strongest and most distinct localization signals. We discuss the mitochondrial localization signal in relation to the formation of double-membrane vesicles, a critical stage in the coronavirus life cycle. Our computational analysis serves as a hypothesis generation tool to suggest models for SARS-CoV-2 biology and inform experi...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Biological Markers
Study
Arachnida (invertebrate)
Genome
Trees (plant)
2'-O-(2-oxoethyl)uridine
Genome Assembly Sequence
Nucleic Acid Sequencing
NAGPA
Phylogenetic Analysis

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