DOI: 10.1101/510123Jan 2, 2019Paper

High prevalence and diversity of Extended-Spectrum β-Lactamase and emergence of Carbapenemase producing Enterobacteriaceae spp in wildlife in Catalonia

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Laila DarwichLourdes Migura-Garcia

Abstract

In wildlife, most of the studies focused on antimicrobial resistance (AMR) describe Escherichia coli as the principal indicator of the selective pressure. In the present study, new species of Enterobacteriaceae with a large panel of cephalosporin resistant (CR) genes have been isolated from wildlife in Catalonia. A total of 307 wild animals were examined to determine CR enterobacteria prevalence, AMR phenotypes and common carbapenem and CR gene expression. The overall prevalence of CR-phenotype was 13% (40/307): 17.3% in wild mammals (18/104) and 11.5% in wild birds (22/191) (p<0.01)). Hedgehogs presented the largest prevalence with 13.5% (14/104) of the mammal specimens, followed by raptors with 7.3% (14/191) of the total bird specimens. Although CR E. coli was obtained most frequently (45%), other CR- Enterobacteriaceae spp like Klebsiella pneumoniae (20%), Citrobacter freundii (15%), Enterobacter cloacae (5%), Proteus mirabilis (5%), Providencia spp (5%) and Serratia marcescens (2.5%) were isolated. A high diversity of CR genes was identified among the isolates, with 50% yielding blaCMY-2, 23% blaSHV-12, 20% blaCMY-1 and 18% blaCTX-M-15. Additionally, new CR-gene variants and resistance to carbapenems associated to OXA-48 we...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Klebsiella pneumoniae
Aves
Carbapenems
Enterobacteriaceae
Environment
Escherichia coli
Gene Expression
Erinaceidae
Proteus mirabilis
Serratia marcescens

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