Mar 24, 2015

High prevalence at computed coronary tomography of non-calcified plaques in asymptomatic HIV patients treated with HAART: a meta-analysis

Atherosclerosis
Fabrizio D'AscenzoFiorenzo Gaita

Abstract

Asymptomatic patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection are at increased risk of vascular disease. Whether asymptomatic HIV patients have increased prevalence or structural differences in coronary artery plaques is not clear. Pubmed, Cochrane and Google Scholar were searched for articles evaluating asymptomatic HIV patients evaluated with coronary computed tomography. The prevalence of coronary stenosis (defined as >30% and >50%), of calcified coronary plaques (CCP) viewed as more 'stable' plaques, and of non-calcified coronary plaques (NCP) viewed as more 'vulnerable' plaques were the end points of interest. 9 studies with 1229 HIV patients and 1029 controls were included. No significant differences were detected about baseline cardiovascular risk profile. The prevalence of significant coronary stenosis>30% or >50% did not differ between HIV+ and HIV- patients (42% [37-44] and 46% [35-52] with an Odds Ratio [OR] of 1.38 [0.86-2.20] for >30% stenosis) and (15% [9-21] and 14% [7-22] with an OR of 1.11 [0.81-1.52]), respectively. The prevalence of calcified coronary plaques (CCP) (31% [24-32] and 21% [14-30] with an OR of 1.17 [0.63-2.16]) also did not differ among HIV+ and HIV- patients. On the contrary rates of ...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Study
Calcium [EPC]
Primary Prevention
Meta-Analysis (Publications)
Meta Analysis (Statistical Procedure)
Pathogenesis
Asymptomatic Diseases
Calcium
Coronary Artery Disease
X-Ray Computed Tomography

Related Feeds

Cardiovascular Disease Pathophysiology

Cardiovascular disease involves several different processes that contribute to the pathological mechanism, including hyperglycemia, inflammation, atherosclerosis, hypertension and more. Vasculature stability plays a critical role in the development of the disease. Discover the latest research on cardiovascular disease pathophysiology here.