May 25, 2020

High prevalence of antimicrobial resistance in non-vaccine serotypes of non-invasive/colonization isolates of Streptococcus pneumoniae: A cross-sectional study eight years after the licensure of conjugate vaccine in Japan

Journal of Infection and Public Health
Mitsuyo KawaguchiyaNobumichi Kobayashi

Abstract

Multidrug resistance (MDR) in non-vaccine serotypes (NVTs)-Streptococcus pneumoniae is a global public health concern after the widespread use of pneumococcal conjugate vaccines (PCVs). The present study aimed to analyze the prevalence of serotypes and antimicrobial susceptibilities of non-invasive/colonization isolates of S. pneumoniae eight years after the introduction of PCV in Japan. A total of 545 non-invasive pneumococcal isolates (460 children, 85 adults) obtained from July 2018 to January 2019 were studied. All isolates were tested for susceptibility to ten antimicrobials and were characterized for serotypes, penicillin binding protein (PBP) genotypes, and macrolide resistance genes. Among children, 95.0% of isolates belonged to non-13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV13) serotypes (NVTs), with 15A (15.0%) being dominant, followed by 35B (12.2%), 23A (11.1%), 15B (9.8%), and 15C (9.6%). In contrast, serotype 3 (18.8%) was the most prevalent in adults, while 15A, 10A, and 23A were also common. Serotypes covered by PCV13 and 23-valent pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine (PPSV23) in all the adult isolates were 25.9% and 48.2%, respectively. High resistance rates were observed against erythromycin, tetracycline, an...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Pneumovax 23
MIR15A gene
Klebsiella pneumoniae
Macrolides
Erythromycin
Drug Resistance
Antibiotics
Hematocrit Procedure
Ermes Complex
RNA, Untranslated

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