High prevalence of sexually transmitted diseases in young women seeking HIV testing in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Robert L CookMauro Schechter

Abstract

Few data are available on the prevalence of and risk factors for sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) other than HIV in Brazil. The goal of this study was to determine the prevalence of HIV infection and other STDs in Brazilian women who seek HIV testing, investigate risk factors for these infections, and assess feasibility of screening in HIV test clinic settings. We conducted a cross-sectional study of 200 women, aged 14 to 29 years, who attended an HIV testing site in central Rio de Janeiro. Participants completed a questionnaire and received testing for HIV, syphilis, chlamydia, and gonorrhea. HIV and other STDs were common (HIV 8%, syphilis 6.5%, chlamydial infection 8%, and gonorrhea 9.5%). HIV was significantly associated with lower education and with having an HIV-infected partner. Other STDs were significantly associated with younger age at first intercourse, heavy alcohol consumption, and marijuana use. STDs appear to be substantial health problems among young Brazilian women seeking HIV testing. HIV testing sites in Brazil should consider offering screening and treatment for STDs and substance abuse as part of their HIV prevention services.

References

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Citations

Nov 28, 2007·Journal of Neuroimmune Pharmacology : the Official Journal of the Society on NeuroImmune Pharmacology·Guy A Cabral
Mar 27, 2009·Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes : JAIDS·André R S PérisséWilliam Blattner
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Feb 25, 2005·Sexually Transmitted Diseases·Flávia Cristina Resende FioravanteLudmilla Thomé Domingos
Apr 25, 2008·Sexually Transmitted Diseases·Azmi M MahafzahMohammad S El-Khateeb
Mar 2, 2006·Sexually Transmitted Diseases·Corey M LongNIMH Collaborative HIV/STD Prevention Trial Group
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Nov 10, 2011·Revista brasileira de epidemiologia = Brazilian journal of epidemiology·Carla Gianna LuppiHélio Caiaffa-Filho

Related Concepts

Urgent Care Centers
Prevalence Studies
Health Care Seeking Behavior
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
HIV Infections
Women's Health

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