PMID: 7615556Jul 21, 1995

High rates of fatty acid oxidation during reperfusion of ischemic hearts are associated with a decrease in malonyl-CoA levels due to an increase in 5'-AMP-activated protein kinase inhibition of acetyl-CoA carboxylase

The Journal of Biological Chemistry
N KudoG D Lopaschuk

Abstract

We determined whether high fatty acid oxidation rates during aerobic reperfusion of ischemic hearts could be explained by a decrease in malonyl-CoA levels, which would relieve inhibition of carnitine palmitoyl-transferase 1, the rate-limiting enzyme involved in mitochondrial uptake of fatty acids. Isolated working rat hearts perfused with 1.2 mM palmitate were subjected to 30 min of global ischemia, followed by 60 min of aerobic reperfusion. Fatty acid oxidation rates during reperfusion were 136% higher than rates seen in aerobically perfused control hearts, despite the fact that cardiac work recovered to only 16% of pre-ischemic values. Neither the activity of carnitine palmitoyltransferase 1, or the IC50 value of malonyl-CoA for carnitine palmitoyl-transferase 1 were altered in mitochondria isolated from aerobic, ischemic, or reperfused ischemic hearts. Levels of malonyl-CoA were extremely low at the end of reperfusion compared to levels seen in aerobic controls, as was the activity of acetyl-CoA carboxylase, the enzyme which produces malonyl-CoA. The activity of 5'-AMP-activated protein kinase, which has been shown to phosphorylate and inactivate acetyl-CoA carboxylase in other tissues, was significantly increased at the end...Continue Reading

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Related Concepts

Ischemia
Fatty Acid Oxidation
Carnitine O-Palmitoyltransferase
Perfusion
Uptake
Myocardium
Malonyl Coenzyme A
Myocardial Ischemia
Acetyl-CoA Carboxylase
Saturated Fat

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