DOI: 10.1101/479162Nov 27, 2018Paper

High-Throughput, Lysis-free Screening for sulfatase Activity Using Escherichia coli Autodisplay in Microdroplets

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Bert van LooErich Bornberg-Bauer

Abstract

Directed evolution of enzymes toward improved catalytic performance has become a powerful tool in protein engineering. To be effective, a directed evolution campaign requires the use of high-throughput screening. In this study we describe the development of a high-throughput lysis-free procedure to screen for improved sulfatase activity by combining microdroplet-based single-variant activity sorting with E. coli autodisplay. For the first step in a 4-step screening procedure we quantitatively screened >105 variants of the homodimeric arylsulfatase from Silicibacter pomeroyi ( Sp AS1), displayed on the E. coli cell surface, for improved sulfatase activity using fluorescence activated droplet sorting. Display of the sulfatase variants on living E. coli cells ensured the continuous linkage of genotype and phenotype during droplet sorting and allowed for direct recovery by simple regrowth of the sorted cells. The use of autodisplay on living cells simplified and reduced the degree of liquid handling during all steps in the screening procedure to the single event of simply mixing substrate and cells. The percentage of apparent improved variants was enriched >10-fold as a result of droplet sorting. We ultimately identified 25 Sp AS1-...Continue Reading

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