DOI: 10.1101/488189Dec 5, 2018Paper

High-throughput microfluidic characterization of erythrocyte shapes and mechanical variability

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Felix ReichelDmitry A Fedosov

Abstract

The motion of red blood cells (RBCs) in microchannels is important for microvascular blood flow and biomedical applications such as blood analysis in microfluidics. The current understanding of the complexity of RBC shapes and dynamics in microchannels is mainly based on several simulation studies, but there are a few systematic experimental investigations. Here, we present a combined study, which systematically characterizes RBC behavior for a wide range of flow rates and channel sizes. Even though simulations and experiments generally show good agreement, experimental observations demonstrate that there is no single well-defined RBC state for fixed flow conditions, but rather a broad distribution of states. This result can be attributed to the inherent variability in RBC mechanical properties, which is confirmed by a model that takes the variation in RBC shear elasticity into account. This represents a significant step toward a quantitative connection between RBC behavior in microfluidic devices and their mechanical properties, which is essential for a high-throughput characterization of diseased cells. STATEMENT OF SIGNIFICANCE The ability to change shape is crucial for the proper functioning of red blood cells under harsh ...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Erythrocytes
Hematologic Tests
Ion Channel
Disks (Device)
Blood Flow
Shapes
Whole Blood
Size
Simulation
Research Study

Related Feeds

Bioinformatics in Biomedicine (Preprints)

Bioinformatics in biomedicine incorporates computer science, biology, chemistry, medicine, mathematics and statistics. Discover the latest preprints on bioinformatics in biomedicine here.

BioRxiv & MedRxiv Preprints

BioRxiv and MedRxiv are the preprint servers for biology and health sciences respectively, operated by Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory. Here are the latest preprint articles (which are not peer-reviewed) from BioRxiv and MedRxiv.