Jan 30, 2015

Higher gene expression variability in the more aggressive subtype of chronic lymphocytic leukemia

Genome Medicine
Simone EckerAlfonso Valencia

Abstract

Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) presents two subtypes which have drastically different clinical outcomes, IgVH mutated (M-CLL) and IgVH unmutated (U-CLL). So far, these two subtypes are not associated to clear differences in gene expression profiles. Interestingly, recent results have highlighted important roles for heterogeneity, both at the genetic and at the epigenetic level in CLL progression. We analyzed gene expression data of two large cohorts of CLL patients and quantified expression variability across individuals to investigate differences between the two subtypes using different measures and statistical tests. Functional significance was explored by pathway enrichment and network analyses. Furthermore, we implemented a random forest approach based on expression variability to classify patients into disease subtypes. We found that U-CLL, the more aggressive type of the disease, shows significantly increased variability of gene expression across patients and that, overall, genes that show higher variability in the aggressive subtype are related to cell cycle, development and inter-cellular communication. These functions indicate a potential relation between gene expression variability and the faster progression of th...Continue Reading

  • References60
  • Citations11

Mentioned in this Paper

Biochemical Pathway
Genes
Statistical Test
Gene Expression
Study of Epigenetics
Cell Cycle
Subtypes (Disorders)
Subtype (Attribute)
Analysis
Thalamencephalon

Related Feeds

B-Cell Leukemia (Keystone)

B-cell leukemia includes various types of lymphoid leukemia that affect B cells. Here is the latest research on B-cell leukemia.