PMID: 9327Apr 1, 1976

Higher transpeptidation activity and broad acceptor specificity of gamma-glutamyltransferases of tumors

Gann = Gan
N TateishiK Nakashima

Abstract

The gamma-glutamyltransferase (EC 2.3.2.2) (=gamma-glutamyltranspeptidase, gamma-GTP) activity in hepatoma induced by 3'-methyl-4-(dimethylamino)azobenzene (3'-Me-DAB) was 120-fold higher than that of normal liver and high activity was also found in bovine hepatocellular carcinoma. gamma-GTPs from these malignant tissues responded more and showed broader specificity to gamma-glutamyl group acceptors than those from normal tissue such as bovine, rat, and mouse liver and bovine kidney. Three species of gamma-GTP were isolated from bovine kidney by DEAE-cellulose chromatography, whereas only two species were isolated from bovine hepatocellular carcinoma. The carcinoma lacked the least acidic enzyme species. Appropriate gamma-glutamyl group acceptors stimulated more-acidic enzyme species more than less-acidic species in both tissues. The fractions separated from the hepatoma were stimulated more than those of kidney by gamma-glutamyl group acceptor. The enzymes from normal tissues responded similarly to a gamma-glutamyl group acceptor irrespective of the difference in their activity. Thus, gamma-GTPs of malignant tissues appear to be more versatile for amino acid transport, both qualitatively and quantitatively. In these properties...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Bos indicus
Enzyme Activation
Fetal Structures
Gamma-glutamyl transferase
Liver Carcinoma
Kidney
Liver
Malignant Neoplasm of Liver
Methyldimethylaminoazobenzene
Neoplasms, Experimental

Related Feeds

Carcinoma, Hepatocellular

Hepatocellular Carcinoma is a malignant cancer in liver epithelial cells. Discover the latest research on Hepatocellular Carcinoma here.