Apr 10, 2020

Bacterial DNAemia is associated with serum zonulin levels in older subjects

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
G. GargariSimone Guglielmetti

Abstract

The increased presence of bacteria in blood is a plausible contributing factor in the development and progression of aging-associated diseases. In this context, we performed the quantification and the taxonomic profiling of the bacterial DNA in blood samples collected from a group of forty-three older subjects enrolled in a nursing home. Quantitative PCR targeting the 16S rRNA gene revealed that all the older volunteers contained detectable amounts of bacterial DNA in their blood. The total amount of 16S rRNA gene copies varied considerably between subjects. Correlation analyses revealed that the bacterial DNAemia (expressed as concentration of 16S rRNA gene copies in blood) significantly correlated with the serum levels of zonulin, an emerging marker of intestinal permeability. This result was confirmed by the analysis of a second set of blood samples collected after approximately four months from the same subjects. Analyses of 16S rRNA gene profiling revealed that most of the bacterial DNA detected in blood was ascribable to the phylum Proteobacteria with a predominance of Pseudomonadaceae and Enterobacteriaceae. Several control samples were also analyzed to assess the influence exerted by contaminant bacterial DNA potentiall...Continue Reading

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