Sep 21, 1976

Histidine decarboxylase of Lactobacillus 30a: function and reactivity of sulfhydryl groups

R S Lane, E E Snell


Two classes of sulfhydryl groups in histidine decarboxylase from Lactobacillus 30 a can be differentiated by their reaction with 5,5'-dithiobis(2-nitrobenzoic acid) (DTNB). Five cysteinyl residues (class I) of the native enzyme are titrated by DTNB as the pH of the reaction medium is increased from 6.5 to 7.5; the pH-rate profile for their reaction is described by a pKa of 9.2. An additional five thiol groups (class II) are titrated only when denaturing agents are added above neutral pH. Histidine decarboxylase is completely inactivated by DTNB in a kinetically second-order process (Kapp = 660 +/- 20 M-1 min-1 at pH 7.6 and 25 degrees C) which occurs coincident with and at the same rate as modification of the five class-I SH groups of the enzyme, i.e., one thiol group per pyruvoyl prosthetic group. The competitive inhibitors, histamine and imidazole, markedly enhanced the reactivity of these cysteinyl residues toward DTNB; this enhancement is accompanied by a concomitant increase in the rate of inactivation. A single SH group in each of the five catalytic units of histidine decarboxylase is thus implicated as being critical for the expression of enzymatic activity.

Mentioned in this Paper

Plasma Protein Binding Capacity
Histidine Decarboxylase
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration

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