Feb 16, 1976

Histidyl transfer ribonucleic acid synthetase from Salmonella typhimurium. Interaction with substrates and ATP analogues

European Journal of Biochemistry
P Di NataleF De Lorenzo


Structural requirements for substrate binding to histidyl-tRNA synthetase from Salmonella typhimurium have been investigated using ATP analogues. Ki values and the relative binding affinity of the enzyme for these analogues have been determined in the tRNA aminoacylation reaction. The enzyme is highly specific for ATP: no binding was found for GTP, CTP, TTP and UTP. dATP is a very poor substrate for acylation of tRNA, with a Km 40-fold higher than that of ATP. Binding of adenosine 5'-triphosphate requires interactions of the amino group of adenosine and the sugar moiety; the 2' and the 5' positions of the ribose appear to be essential for recognition; the phosphate groups enhance the binding. AMP is a noncompetitive inhibitor with ATP. The interaction of histidyl-tRNA synthetase, a dimeric enzyme, with histidine and ATP was examined by fluorescence measurements at equilibrium and by equilibrium dialysis. Binding with L-histidine is significantly tighter at pH 6 than at pH 7, while the ATP binding is independent of pH. The stoichiometry was measured at pH 6 than at pH 7, while the ATP binding is independent of pH. The stoichiometry was measured at pH 7.5 by equilibrium dialysis and is 1 mol ATP/mol enzyme and, variably, close to...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

ATP Binding
MT-TA gene
Triplet Codon-amino Acid Adaptor Activity
Phosphate Measurement
Transfer RNA
Plasma Protein Binding Capacity

About this Paper

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

LRRK2 & Immunity During Infection

Mutations in the LRRK2 gene are a risk-factor for developing Parkinson’s disease. However, LRRK2 has been shown to function as a central regulator of vesicular trafficking, infection, immunity, and inflammation. Here is the latest research on the role of this kinase on immunity during infection.

Antiphospholipid Syndrome

Antiphospholipid syndrome or antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS or APLS), is an autoimmune, hypercoagulable state caused by the presence of antibodies directed against phospholipids.

Meningococcal Myelitis

Meningococcal myelitis is characterized by inflammation and myelin damage to the meninges and spinal cord. Discover the latest research on meningococcal myelitis here.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease by recent genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research.