Feb 16, 1976

Histidyl transfer ribonucleic acid synthetase from Salmonella typhimurium. Interaction with substrates and ATP analogues

European Journal of Biochemistry
P Di NataleF De Lorenzo

Abstract

Structural requirements for substrate binding to histidyl-tRNA synthetase from Salmonella typhimurium have been investigated using ATP analogues. Ki values and the relative binding affinity of the enzyme for these analogues have been determined in the tRNA aminoacylation reaction. The enzyme is highly specific for ATP: no binding was found for GTP, CTP, TTP and UTP. dATP is a very poor substrate for acylation of tRNA, with a Km 40-fold higher than that of ATP. Binding of adenosine 5'-triphosphate requires interactions of the amino group of adenosine and the sugar moiety; the 2' and the 5' positions of the ribose appear to be essential for recognition; the phosphate groups enhance the binding. AMP is a noncompetitive inhibitor with ATP. The interaction of histidyl-tRNA synthetase, a dimeric enzyme, with histidine and ATP was examined by fluorescence measurements at equilibrium and by equilibrium dialysis. Binding with L-histidine is significantly tighter at pH 6 than at pH 7, while the ATP binding is independent of pH. The stoichiometry was measured at pH 6 than at pH 7, while the ATP binding is independent of pH. The stoichiometry was measured at pH 7.5 by equilibrium dialysis and is 1 mol ATP/mol enzyme and, variably, close to...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

ATP Binding
Histidine
Adenosine
MT-TA gene
Triplet Codon-amino Acid Adaptor Activity
Phosphate Measurement
Transfer RNA
Plasma Protein Binding Capacity
HARS
Ribose

About this Paper

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