PMID: 37983Jul 6, 1979

Histological and neurochemical effects of fetal treatment with methylazoxymethanol on rat neocortex in adulthood

Brain Research
M V Johnston, J T Coyle

Abstract

Forebrain microencephaly results when developing rats are exposed to methylazoxymethanol acetate (MAM) at 15 days of gestation (DG). This potent alkylating agent is selectively cytotoxic for dividing cells. Since distinct neuronal populations in neocortex vary greatly with respect to timing of mitotic activity during gestation, it was predicted that some groups would be differentially reduced by treatment. Histological examination of neocortex from treated rats grown to adulthood revealed major losses of laminae II--IV with relative preservation of deeper layers. The atrophic adult neocortex was further characterized by assay of several defined pre- and postsynaptic neurochemical markers. Total markers for GABAergic neurons were greatly reduced (glutamate decarboxylase -71%, [3H]GABA synaptosomal uptake -63% and endogenous GABA -59%). Total [3H]GABA binding to cortical membranes was reduced 67%. Total [3H]glutamate synaptosomal uptake and endogenous glutamate were reduced 71% and 65% respectively. In contrast, total presynaptic markers for noradrenergic innervation were minimally altered but concentration of tyrosine hydroxylase, [3H]norepinephrine synaptosomal uptake and endogenous norepinephrine were increased by 275%, 130% a...Continue Reading

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Apr 22, 1977·Science·J T Coyle, M E Molliver
Nov 18, 1977·Brain Research·P CampochiaroJ T Coyle
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