HLA-DR2 and narcolepsy

Archives of Neurology
R E KramerG A Teresi

Abstract

Tissue typing was performed on 14 narcoleptics as defined by both strict sleep laboratory and clinical criteria. Six of these patients were blacks from North America, a race underrepresented in previous studies. All patients were HLA-DR2-antigen positive and had the same HLA-DR2 subtype. Clinical severity of disease was not correlated with HLA-DR2 heterozygosity or (putative) homozygosity. This study confirms that the extremely high association between HLA-DR2 and narcolepsy holds across comparisons of the three races studied to date when both clinical and sleep laboratory data are used. The presence or absence of HLA-DR2 in patients presenting with hypersomnolence may help support or exclude, respectively, a diagnosis of idiopathic narcolepsy.

Citations

Dec 19, 2007·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·G C DeLucaG C Ebers
Jun 1, 1991·Acta Neurologica Scandinavica·C HublinS Koskimies
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