Hnrnpul1 loss of function affects skeletal and limb development

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Danielle L BlackwellSarah J Childs

Abstract

Mutations in RNA binding proteins can lead to pleiotropic phenotypes including craniofacial, skeletal, limb and neurological symptoms. Heterogeneous Nuclear Ribonucleoproteins (hnRNPs) are involved in nucleic acid binding, transcription and splicing through direct binding to DNA and RNA, or through interaction with other proteins in the spliceosome. Here, we show a developmental role for hnrnpul1 in zebrafish fin and craniofacial development, and in adult onset scoliosis. Furthermore, we demonstrate a role of hnrnpul1 in alternative splicing regulation. In two siblings with congenital limb malformations, whole exome sequencing detected a frameshift variant in HNRNPUL1; the developmental role of this gene in humans has not been explored. Our data suggest an important developmental role of hnRNPUL1 in both zebrafish and humans. Although there are differences in phenotypes between species, our data suggests potential conservation of ancient regulatory circuits involving hnRNPUL1 in these phylogenetically distant species.

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Alternative splicing

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