HOIL-1-catalysed ubiquitylation of unbranched glucosaccharides and its activation by ubiquitin oligomers

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
I. R. KelsallPhilip Cohen

Abstract

HOIL-1, a component of the Linear Ubiquitin Assembly Complex (LUBAC), ubiquitylates serine and threonine residues in proteins, forming ester bonds (Kelsall et al, 2019, PNAS 116, 13293-13298). Here we report that mice expressing the E3 ligase-inactive HOIL-1[C458S] mutant accumulate polyglucosan in brain, cardiac muscle and other organs, indicating that HOIL-1's E3 ligase activity is essential to prevent these toxic polysaccharide deposits from accumulating. We found that HOIL-1 monoubiquitylates glycogen and 1:4-linked maltoheptaose in vitro and identify the C6 hydroxyl moiety of glucose as the site of ester-linked ubiquitylation. The HOIL-1-catalysed monoubiquitylation of maltoheptaose was accelerated >100-fold by Met1-linked or Lys63-linked ubiquitin oligomers, which interact with the catalytic RBR domain of HOIL-1. HOIL-1 also transferred preformed ubiquitin oligomers to maltoheptaose en bloc, producing polyubiquitylated maltoheptaose in one catalytic step. The Sharpin and HOIP components of LUBAC, but not HOIL-1, bound to amylose resin in vitro, suggesting a potential function in targeting HOIL-1 to unbranched glucosaccharides in cells. We suggest that monoubiquitylation of unbranched glucosaccharides may initiate their re...Continue Reading

Methods Mentioned

BETA
electrophoresis
NMR
size exclusion chromatography
Assay
pull-down

Software Mentioned

Nanozoomer
AlphaFold
Myddosomes
RoseTTAFold
ImageJ
FlexAnalysis
FlexControl

Related Concepts

Related Feeds

BioRxiv & MedRxiv Preprints

BioRxiv and MedRxiv are the preprint servers for biology and health sciences respectively, operated by Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory. Here are the latest preprint articles (which are not peer-reviewed) from BioRxiv and MedRxiv.