PMID: 7088635Jul 1, 1982Paper

Home apnea monitoring in 'near-miss' sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) and in siblings of SIDS victims

Pediatrics
P Duffty, M H Bryan

Abstract

Electronic monitors were used at home to detect apnea in 134 infants who were considered to be at risk for sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). Seventy-two infants had idiopathic apnea at a mean age of 2.2 +/- 1.4 (+/- 1 SD) months. Of these, 31 subsequently had prolonged apnea (greater than 20 seconds) with the last spell occurring at 6.2 +/- 3.2 months of age. Fourteen infants required vigorous stimulation on at least one occasion and 14 had more than ten separate episodes. Eighteen infants with awake apnea had a significantly smaller chance of subsequent spells (P less than .05). Ten additional term infants had apnea during the first week of life but none had subsequent episodes. Of 52 siblings of SIDS victims, only seven had had apnea before monitoring started. Sixteen had prolonged apnea while on a monitor; seven required vigorous stimulation on at least one occasion and one infant died despite cardiopulmonary resuscitation. The first documented spell in these 16 infants was at 2.6 +/- 2.1 months and the last at 7.2 +/- 2.7 months of age. Ten infants had more than ten subsequent spells. A tendency to clustering of spells was noted. Preceding events, especially a mild upper respiratory tract infection, were noted in 36 of t...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Apnea
Home Care of Patient
Monitoring, Physiologic
Resuscitation Procedure
Sudden Infant Death Syndrome

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Evolution of Pluripotency

Pluripotency refers to the ability of a cell to develop into three primary germ cell layers of the embryo. This feed focuses on the mechanisms that underlie the evolution of pluripotency. Here is the latest research.

Lipidomics & Rhinovirus Infection

Lipidomics can be used to examine the lipid species involved with pathogenic conditions, such as viral associated inflammation. Discovered the latest research on Lipidomics & Rhinovirus Infection.

Spatio-Temporal Regulation of DNA Repair

DNA repair is a complex process regulated by several different classes of enzymes, including ligases, endonucleases, and polymerases. This feed focuses on the spatial and temporal regulation that accompanies DNA damage signaling and repair enzymes and processes.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Torsion Dystonia

Torsion dystonia is a movement disorder characterized by loss of control of voluntary movements appearing as sustained muscle contractions and/or abnormal postures. Here is the latest research.

Archaeal RNA Polymerase

Archaeal RNA polymerases are most similar to eukaryotic RNA polymerase II but require the support of only two archaeal general transcription factors, TBP (TATA-box binding protein) and TFB (archaeal homologue of the eukaryotic general transcription factor TFIIB) to initiate basal transcription. Here is the latest research on archaeal RNA polymerases.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within the membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease in genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research on Alzheimer's disease and MS4A.

Central Pontine Myelinolysis

Central Pontine Myelinolysis is a neurologic disorder caused most frequently by rapid correction of hyponatremia and is characterized by demyelination that affects the central portion of the base of the pons. Here is the latest research on this disease.