Nov 12, 2003

Homocysteine potentiates calcification of cultured rat aortic smooth muscle cells

Life Sciences
Juxiang LiJunbao Du

Abstract

Aortic calcification was demonstrated in experimental animal models of hyperhomocysteinemia. Mild hyperhomocysteinemia was associated with aortic calcification, suggesting a relationship between homocysteine (HCY) and the pathogenesis of aortic calcification. In the present study, the effect of HCY on vascular calcification was examined in calcifying and non-calcifying vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs). Cell calcification was induced by incubation of VSMCs with beta-glycerophosphate. Proliferation of VSMCs was studied by cell counting, 3H-thymidine (3H-TdR) and 3H-leucine (3H-Leu) incorporation. 45Ca accumulation, cell calcium content, and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity were measured as indices of calcification. The results showed that the proliferation of calcifying VSMCs, which was indicated by cell counting, 3H-TdR and 3H-Leu incorporation in calcifying VSMCs, was enhanced as compared with that of non-calcifying VSMCs. HCY promoted increases in cell number, 3H-TdR and 3H-Leu incorporation in both calcifying and non-calcifying VSMCs, but with more prominent effect in calcifying VSMCs. The stimulating effects of HCY on the three parameters in calcifying VSMCs were antagonized by PD98059, a specific inhibitor of mitogen...Continue Reading

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Citations

Mentioned in this Paper

Muscle, Smooth, Vascular
Calcium Radioisotopes
Pathogenic Aspects
Calcium [EPC]
beta-glycerophosphoric acid, calcium salt (1: 1)
Pathogenesis
Thymidine
Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases
Calcium
Myocytes, Smooth Muscle

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