Apr 15, 2020

Extracellular adenosine signaling reverses the age-driven decline in the ability of neutrophils to kill S. pneumoniae

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Manmeet BhallaElsa N Bou Ghanem

Abstract

The elderly are susceptible to serious infections by Streptococcus pneumoniae (pneumococcus), which calls for a better understanding of the pathways driving the decline in host defense in aging. We previously found that extracellular adenosine (EAD) shaped polymorphonuclear cell (PMN) responses, which are crucial for controlling infection. EAD is produced by CD39 and CD73, and signals via A1, A2A, A2B and A3 receptors. The objective of this study was to explore the age-driven changes in the EAD pathway and its impact on PMN function. We found in comparison to young mice, PMNs from old mice expressed significantly less CD73, but similar levels of CD39 and adenosine receptors. PMNs from old mice failed to efficiently kill pneumococci ex vivo; however, supplementation with adenosine rescued this defect. Importantly, transfer of PMNs expressing CD73 from young mice reversed the susceptibility of old mice to pneumococcal infection. To identify which adenosine receptor(s) is involved, we used specific agonists and inhibitors. We found that A1 receptor signaling was crucial for PMN function as inhibition or genetic ablation of A1 impaired the ability of PMNs from young mice to kill pneumococci. Importantly, activation of A1 receptors ...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Size
Graphene
Genome
Genes
Cochlear Nucleus Structure
Gene Transfer, Horizontal
Genomics
Pharmacologic Substance
Adaptation
Gene Transfer

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