Hormonal and neurotransmitter regulation of GnRH gene expression and related reproductive behaviors

Behavior Genetics
C A SagrilloM Selmanoff

Abstract

Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH), having a highly conserved structure across mammalian species, plays a pivotal role in the control of the neuroendocrine events and the inherent sexual behaviors essential for reproductive function. Recent advances in molecular genetic technology have contributed greatly to the investigation of several aspects of GnRH physiology, particularly steroid hormone and neurotransmitter regulation of GnRH gene expression. Behavioral studies have focused on the actions of GnRH in steroid-sensitive brain regions to understand better its role in the facilitation of mating behavior. To date, however, there are no published reports which directly correlate GnRH gene expression and reproductive behavior. The intent of this article is to review the current understanding of the way in which changes in GnRH gene expression, and modifications of GnRH neuronal activity, may ultimately influence reproductive behavior.

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Related Concepts

Metazoa
Brain
Functional Cerebral Localization
Estrus
Hormones
Gonadorelin Hydrochloride
Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone Receptor
Reproduction
Sexual Behavior, Animal
Gene Expression

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