Hormone receptor assays: clinical usefulness in the management of carcinoma of the breast

Critical Reviews in Clinical Laboratory Sciences
V C JordanW V Welshons

Abstract

The revision of the subcellular model of hormone action is described, with an incorporation of potential autocrine mechanisms. A general overview of available assay methodologies considers the major disadvantages of earlier methods and describes in detail the current methodologies (sucrose gradient analysis, dextran-coated charcoal assays, ER-EIA, ERICA). A major concern with clinical correlations of response to hormone receptor levels is the quality assurance of the multicentric programs. Results from national and international programs are considered. The clinical correlations are divided into four major categories: (1) the response to hormone deprivation (oophorectomy or adrenalectomy), (2) the development of specific agents which exploit receptor mechanisms (antiestrogens) or inhibit steroid biosynthesis (aminoglutehimide), (3) the rates of recurrence of tumors following mastectomy, and (4) the correlation of hormone receptors with current adjuvant therapies.

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Citations

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