Jan 13, 2006

Hospitalization, surgery, and readmission rates of IBD in Canada: a population-based study

The American Journal of Gastroenterology
Charles N Bernstein, Alice Nabalamba

Abstract

We aimed to define the rates of hospitalization and readmission for inflammatory bowel disease in Canada. The data source was Statistics Canada Person Oriented Information Database (1994-2001). The number of stays for a diagnosis of Crohn's disease (CD) or ulcerative colitis (UC) by ICD-9-CM code 555 or 556 was extracted (and assessed when CD or UC was the first diagnosis or was 1 of 16 diagnoses on the patient discharge abstract). Age-, gender-, and disease-specific rates of hospitalization, length of stay, readmission, and surgery were assessed. The age-adjusted hospitalization rate for CD declined over 1994-2001 from 29.2 to 26.9/100,000 but was stable for UC at 12.6-13.3 per 100,000. In the 7 yr, 39.4% of CD patients (21.3-24.0%/yr) and 33.7% of UC patients (18.5-20.3%/yr) got readmitted at least once. The average length of stay declined from 10.3 (1994-1995) to 9.1 days (2000-2001) (p = 0.029) in CD and in UC declined from 12.2 to 10.1 days (p = 0.054). Of all hospitalizations, major surgery occurred in 48% of CD (44.8-49.8% per yr) and 55% of UC (51.5-59.0% per yr). Rates of hospitalization declined slightly for CD over the 7 yr but still remained twice as great as the rates for UC. Approximately 20% of CD and UC subjects...Continue Reading

  • References13
  • Citations57

Citations

Mentioned in this Paper

Prevalence Studies
IIeocolitis
Hospitalization
Severity of Illness Index
Sex Distribution
Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
Colectomy
Hospital Stay
Crohn Disease
Patient Readmission

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

Head And Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Squamous cell carcinomas account for >90% of all tumors in the head and neck region. Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma incidence has increased dramatically recently with little improvement in patient outcomes. Here is the latest research on this aggressive malignancy.

Signaling in Adult Neurogenesis

Neural stem cells play a critical role in the production of neuronal cells in neurogenesis is of great importance. Of interest is the role signalling mechanisms in adult neurogenesis. Discover the latest research on signalling in adult neurogenesis.

Psychiatric Chronotherapy

Psychiatric Chronotherapy considers the circadian rhythm as a major factor for optimizing therapeutic efficacy of psychiatric interventions. Discover the latest research on Psychiatric Chronotherapy here.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

Related Papers

Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
Liliana Bordeianou, Richard A Hodin
Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology : the Official Clinical Practice Journal of the American Gastroenterological Association
Eran IsraeliCharles N Bernstein
© 2020 Meta ULC. All rights reserved