Aug 21, 2012

Host cytokine storm is associated with disease severity of severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome

The Journal of Infectious Diseases
Yulan SunDexin Li


Severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS) is an emerging viral disease in China, caused by SFTS virus (SFTSV). Severe SFTS patients can quickly proceed to multiorgan dysfunction and death; however, underlying pathogenic mechanisms remain unclear. Serum samples from 15 fatal and 44 nonfatal SFTS cases were subjected to multiplex-microbead immunoassays to detect a broad spectrum of cytokines. The viral load and virus-specific IgG titers were also tested by real-time PCR and ELISA, respectively. Cytokines IL-1RA, IL-6, IL-10, G-CSF, IP-10, and MCP-1 were elevated in SFTS patients and produced at robust levels in fatal cases. In contrast, cytokines PDGF-BB and RANTES decreased in SFTS patients. These cytokines reverted to normal ranges during the convalescent phase of SFTSV infection. Cytokines IL-1β, IL-8, MIP-1α, and MIP-1β showed a unique pattern of elevation in fatal cases but not in nonfatal cases. However, these cytokines increased in the convalescent phase of nonfatal SFTS cases. Our regression analysis revealed that the serum viral load correlated with these cytokines. Moreover, levels of these cytokines correlated with various clinical parameters and virus-specific IgG titers. The study demonstrates that SFTSV inf...Continue Reading

  • References26
  • Citations92


Mentioned in this Paper

Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
Antibodies, Viral
Virus Diseases
Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor
Pathogenic Organism
Recombinant Interleukin-10
Virus Titer

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

LRRK2 & Immunity During Infection

Mutations in the LRRK2 gene are a risk-factor for developing Parkinson’s disease. However, LRRK2 has been shown to function as a central regulator of vesicular trafficking, infection, immunity, and inflammation. Here is the latest research on the role of this kinase on immunity during infection.

Antiphospholipid Syndrome

Antiphospholipid syndrome or antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS or APLS), is an autoimmune, hypercoagulable state caused by the presence of antibodies directed against phospholipids.

Meningococcal Myelitis

Meningococcal myelitis is characterized by inflammation and myelin damage to the meninges and spinal cord. Discover the latest research on meningococcal myelitis here.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease by recent genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research.