Mar 1, 1995

Host-specific alterations in viral RNA accumulation and infection spread in a brome mosaic virus isolate with an expanded host range

Journal of Virology
W De Jong, P Ahlquist


To facilitate studies of virus-host interaction and the determinants of viral host range, we constructed full-length cDNA clones to all three genomic RNAs of an unusual brome mosaic virus (BMV) isolate with an expanded host range. While other BMV strains, including the previously cloned M1 strain, systemically infect barley and other grasses but not legumes, the expanded-host-range isolate and the set of transcripts from its cDNA clones, designated the M2 strain of BMV, systemically infect both barley and cowpea line TVu-612, a legume. All reassorted combinations of M1 and M2 genomic RNAs were equally competent for replication in barley protoplasts and systemic infection of barley plants but showed widely varying levels of viral RNA accumulation in cowpea protoplasts and systemic infection in TVu-612 cowpea plants. Systemic infection levels were influenced by all three genomic RNAs. M2 RNA2 and M2 RNA3 made independent and additive contributions to the frequency with which reassortants infected TVu-612 systemically. The greater individual effect segregated with M2 RNA3, which encodes functions required for infection spread (the 3a movement protein and coat protein). M2 RNA3 also directed accelerated expansion of BMV lesions in ...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Virus Replication
Virus-host Interaction
Isolate compound
Gene Expression Regulation, Viral
Oligonucleotide Primers

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