How cardiomyocyte excitation, calcium release and contraction become altered with age

Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology
Hirad A FeridooniSusan E Howlett

Abstract

Cardiovascular disease is the main cause of death globally, accounting for over 17 million deaths each year. As the incidence of cardiovascular disease rises markedly with age, the overall risk of cardiovascular disease is expected to increase dramatically with the aging of the population such that by 2030 it could account for over 23 million deaths per year. It is therefore vitally important to understand how the heart remodels in response to normal aging for at least two reasons: i) to understand why the aged heart is increasingly susceptible to disease; and ii) since it may be possible to modify treatment of disease in older adults if the underlying substrate upon which the disease first develops is fully understood. It is well known that age modulates cardiac function at the level of the individual cardiomyocyte. Generally, in males, aging reduces cell shortening, which is associated with a decrease in the amplitude of the systolic Ca(2+) transient. This may arise due to a decrease in peak L-type Ca(2+) current. Sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) Ca(2+) load appears to be maintained during normal aging but evidence suggests that SR function is disrupted, such that the rate of sarco/endoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+)-ATPase (SERCA)-media...Continue Reading

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Citations

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