How do macro-level contexts and policies affect the employment chances of chronically ill and disabled people? Part II: The impact of active and passive labor market policies

International Journal of Health Services : Planning, Administration, Evaluation
Paula HollandMargaret Whitehead

Abstract

The authors investigate three hypotheses on the influence of labor market deregulation, decommodification, and investment in active labor market policies on the employment of chronically ill and disabled people. The study explores the interaction between employment, chronic illness, and educational level for men and women in Canada, Denmark, Norway, Sweden, and the United Kingdom, countries with advanced social welfare systems and universal health care but with varying types of active and passive labor market policies. People with chronic illness were found to fare better in employment terms in the Nordic countries than in Canada or the United Kingdom. Their employment chances also varied by educational level and country. The employment impact of having both chronic illness and low education was not just additive but synergistic. This amplification was strongest for British men and women, Norwegian men, and Danish women. Hypotheses on the disincentive effects of tighter employment regulation or more generous welfare benefits were not supported. The hypothesis that greater investments in active labor market policies may improve the employment of chronically ill people was partially supported. Attention must be paid to the differ...Continue Reading

References

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Citations

Oct 1, 2013·International Journal for Equity in Health·Therese SaltkjelKjetil A van der Wel
Aug 30, 2014·Occupational Medicine·Peter Smith, J Berecki-Gisolf
Mar 28, 2016·Social Science & Medicine·Ingelise AndersenFinn Diderichsen
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Nov 5, 2019·Journal of Aging & Social Policy·Isabel Baumann, Ignacio Madero-Cabib
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Jan 6, 2021·European Journal of Public Health·Jimmi MathisenIngelise Andersen
Oct 10, 2020·Multiple Sclerosis and Related Disorders·Alina RennerIris-Katharina Penner
Feb 27, 2021·Sociology of Health & Illness·André VaaganPer Koren Solvang

Related Concepts

Chronic Disease
Illiteracy
Employment Status
Physically Challenged
Health Surveys
Social Protection
Regression Analysis
Obligations of Society
Social Welfare
Organizational Culture

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