How does a simple enquiry compare to a detailed family history questionnaire to identify coronary heart disease or diabetic familial risk?

Genetics in Medicine : Official Journal of the American College of Medical Genetics
Miranda Wijdenes-PijlNadeem Qureshi


To examine whether a simple enquiry can provide similar family history information compared with a detailed questionnaire for coronary heart disease or diabetes. Data from two randomized controlled trials were extracted that assess the clinical value of using family history information for either coronary heart disease (ISRCTNI17943542) or diabetes risk assessment (NTR1938) in a community-based population. Outcome measures were percentage agreement, sensitivity, and specificity of self-reported family history for coronary heart disease and diabetes by means of a simple enquiry, when compared with a detailed questionnaire. Agreement between both family history tools was 76.8% for first-degree relatives with coronary heart disease, and 89.2% and 87.6% for first- and second-degree relatives with diabetes, respectively. The sensitivity was 44.2% for first-degree relatives with coronary heart disease, 81.9% for first-degree relatives with diabetes, and 35.4% for second-degree relatives with diabetes. Specificity was 89.3%, 97.0%, and 94.5%, respectively. Compared with a detailed questionnaire, the simple enquiry correctly identified the majority of individuals classified as having no significant family history but missed a significa...Continue Reading


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