Oct 14, 2014

Cell type-specific histone acetylation profiling of Alzheimer's Disease subjects and integration with genetics

bioRxiv
Abhijna ParigiAndreas Pfenning

Abstract

We profile genome-wide histone 3 lysine 27 acetylation (H3K27ac) of 3 major brain cell types from hippocampus and dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (dlPFC) of subjects with and without Alzheimer's Disease (AD). We confirm that single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) associated with late onset AD (LOAD) prefer to reside in the microglial histone acetylome, which varies most strongly with age. We observe acetylation differences associated with AD pathology at 3,598 peaks, predominantly in an oligodendrocyte-enriched population. Strikingly, these differences occur at the promoters of known early onset AD (EOAD) risk genes (APP, PSEN1, PSEN2, BACE1), late onset AD (LOAD) risk genes (BIN1, PICALM, CLU, ADAM10, ADAMTS4, SORL1 and FERMT2), and putative enhancers annotated to other genes associated with AD pathology (MAPT). More broadly, acetylation differences in the oligodendrocyte-enriched population occur near genes in pathways for central nervous system myelination and oxidative phosphorylation. In most cases, these promoter acetylation differences are associated with differences in transcription in oligodendrocytes. Overall, we reveal deregulation of known and novel pathways in AD and highlight genomic regions as therapeutic targets ...Continue Reading

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