Sep 6, 2018

How synaptic plasticity influences spike synchronization and its transitions in complex neuronal network

Chaos
ZhiLin YaoZhongKui Sun

Abstract

There is evidence that synaptic plasticity is a vital feature of realistic neuronal systems. This study, describing synaptic plasticity by a modified Oja learning rule, focuses on the effect of synapse learning rate on spike synchronization and its relative transitions in a Newman-Watts small-world neuronal network. The individual dynamics of each neuron is modeled by a simple Rulkov map that produces spiking behavior. Numerical results have indicated that large coupling can lead to a spatiotemporally synchronous pattern of spiking neurons; in addition, this kind of spike synchronization can emerge intermittently by turning information transmission delay between coupled neurons. Interestingly, with the advent of synaptic plasticity, spike synchronization is gradually destroyed by increasing synapse learning rate; moreover, the phenomenon of intermittent synchronization transitions becomes less and less obvious and it even disappears for relative larger learning rate. Further simulations confirm that spike synchronization as well as synchronization transitions is largely independent of network size. Meanwhile, we detect that large shortcuts probability can facilitate spike synchronization, but it is disadvantageous for delay-ind...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Study
Biological Neural Networks
Size
Neurons
Nerve Degeneration
Neuronal Plasticity
Synapses
Neuronal
Disease Transmission
Neoplasms, Multiple Primary

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