PMID: 4594585Mar 2, 1974Paper

Human and computer-aided diagnosis of abdominal pain: further report with emphasis on performance of clinicians

British Medical Journal
F T De DombalA P McCann

Abstract

This paper reports a controlled trial of human and computer-aided diagnosis in a series of 552 patients with acute abdominal pain. The overall diagnostic accuracy of the computer-aided system was 91.5% and that of the senior clinician to see each case was 81.2%. However, the clinician's diagnostic performance improved markedly during the period of the trial. The proportion of appendices which perforated before operation fell from 36% to 4% during the trial, and the negative laparotomy rate dropped sharply. After the trial closed in August 1972 these figures reverted towards their pretrial levels.It is suggested that while computer-aided diagnosis is a valuable direct adjunct to the clinician dealing with the "acute abdomen," he may also benefit in the short-term from the constant feedback he receives and from the disciplines and constraints involved in communicating with the computer.

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Related Concepts

Abdomen
Abdomen, Acute
Ruptured Appendicitis
Empyema, Gallbladder
Computer Assisted Diagnosis
Differential Diagnosis
Diverticulitis
Duodenal Ulcer
Intestinal Obstruction
Pancreatitis

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