Nov 1, 2018

Human bone marrow disorders recapitulated in vitro using organ chip technology

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
David B ChouDonald E Ingber

Abstract

Understanding human bone marrow (BM) pathophysiology in the context of myelotoxic stress induced by drugs, radiation, or genetic mutations is of critical importance in clinical medicine. However, study of these dynamic cellular responses is hampered by the inaccessibility of living BM in vivo. Here, we describe a vascularized human Bone Marrow-on-a-Chip (BM Chip) microfluidic culture device for modeling bone marrow function and disease states. The BM Chip is comprised of a fluidic channel filled with a fibrin gel in which patient-derived CD34+ cells and bone marrow-derived stromal cells (BMSCs) are co-cultured, which is separated by a porous membrane from a parallel fluidic channel lined by human vascular endothelium. When perfused with culture medium through the vascular channel, the BM Chip maintains human CD34+ cells and supports differentiation and maturation of multiple blood cell lineages over 1 month in culture. Moreover, it recapitulates human myeloerythroid injury responses to drugs and gamma radiation exposure, as well as key hematopoietic abnormalities found in patients with the genetic disorder, Shwachman-Diamond Syndrome (SDS). These data establish the BM Chip as a new human in vitro model with broad potential util...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Study
In Vivo
Fibrin Measurement
MRNA Maturation
CD34
Coculture Techniques
General Adaptation Syndrome
Blood Vessel
Clinical Medicine
Bone Marrow

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