PMID: 7832302Jan 1, 1995

Human chest wall function while awake and during halothane anesthesia. II. Carbon dioxide rebreathing

D O Warner, M A Warner


Changes in the distribution of respiratory drive to different respiratory muscles may contribute to respiratory depression produced by halothane. The aim of this study was to examine factors that are responsible for halothane-induced depression of the ventilatory response to carbon dioxide rebreathing. In six human subjects, respiratory muscle activity in the parasternal intercostal, abdominal, and diaphragm muscles was measured using fine-wire electromyography electrodes. Chest wall motion was determined by respiratory impedance plethysmography. Electromyography activities and chest wall motion were measured during hyperpnea produced by carbon dioxide rebreathing while the subjects were awake and during 1 MAC halothane anesthesia. Halothane anesthesia significantly reduced the slope of the response of expiratory minute ventilation to carbon dioxide (from 2.88 +/- 0.73 (mean +/- SE) to 2.01 +/- 0.45 l.min-1.mmHg-1). During the rebreathing period, breathing frequency significantly increased while awake (from 10.3 +/- 1.4 to 19.7 +/- 2.6 min-1, P < 0.05) and significantly decreased while anesthetized (from 28.8 +/- 3.9 to 21.7 +/- 1.9 min-1, P < 0.05). Increases in respiratory drive to the phrenic motoneurons produced by rebreath...Continue Reading


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Related Concepts

Surface Electromyography
Structure of Intercostal Muscle
Plethysmography, Impedance
Expiration, Function
Entire Diaphragm
Respiratory Muscles
Entire Chest Wall
Insufflation Anesthesia
Motor Neurons

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