PMID: 20327547May 25, 1963Paper

Human Chromosomes: II. Preparation, Analysis and Diagnostic Implications of Abnormalities

Canadian Medical Association Journal
K L Moore, J C Hay

Abstract

This presentation is designed to show the diagnostic implications of chromosomal abnormalities, and how in some cases chromosome analysis may be helpful in prognosis and counselling. Most males with Klinefelter's syndrome have chromatinpositive nuclei and an abnormal sex chromosome complex (usually XXY). In Turner's syndrome many such females have chromatin-negative nuclei and a deficient sex chromosome complex (usually XO). Multiple-X females have unusual chromatin patterns (two or three masses of sex chromatin) and abnormal sex chromosome complexes (XXX, XXXX, XO/XXX, etc.). One of the parents of a translocation mongol may carry a translocation chromosome and pass it to future children. Cytogenetic data are therefore essential for genetic counselling. Mosaic and deletion mongols may show incomplete manifestations of mongolism, which make diagnosis difficult; chromosome analysis is helpful in diagnosis, and in prognosis concerning mental development. Abnormal chromosome numbers result from non-disjunction, usually during gametogenesis. The error may occur, however, during cleavage, producing cells with different chromosome complements (mosaicism). Visible structural abnormalities of chromosomes result from deletions or translo...Continue Reading

References

Oct 15, 1960·Lancet·M D HAYWARD, B D BOWER
Sep 1, 1961·The American Journal of Medicine·K HIRSCHHORN, H L COOPER
Nov 24, 1960·The New England Journal of Medicine·K HIRSCHHORNH L COOPER
Jan 1, 1961·Chromosoma·K PATAUR I DEMARS
Apr 2, 1960·Lancet·M FRACCAROJ LINDSTEN
Dec 12, 1959·British Medical Journal·D G HARNDEN, J S STEWART
Jun 4, 1960·Lancet·P JacobsJ A STRONG

Related Concepts

Cell Nucleus
Chromatin
Congenital Chromosomal Disease
Chromosomes
Counseling
Gametogenesis
Gene Deletion
Genetic Counseling
Klinefelter Syndrome
Chromosomal Translocation

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Evolution of Pluripotency

Pluripotency refers to the ability of a cell to develop into three primary germ cell layers of the embryo. This feed focuses on the mechanisms that underlie the evolution of pluripotency. Here is the latest research.

Lipidomics & Rhinovirus Infection

Lipidomics can be used to examine the lipid species involved with pathogenic conditions, such as viral associated inflammation. Discovered the latest research on Lipidomics & Rhinovirus Infection.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within the membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease in genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research on Alzheimer's disease and MS4A.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Torsion Dystonia

Torsion dystonia is a movement disorder characterized by loss of control of voluntary movements appearing as sustained muscle contractions and/or abnormal postures. Here is the latest research.

Generating Insulin-Secreting Cells

Reprogramming cells or using induced pluripotent stem cells to generate insulin-secreting cells has significant therapeutic implications for diabetics. Here is the latest research on generation of insulin-secreting cells.

Central Pontine Myelinolysis

Central Pontine Myelinolysis is a neurologic disorder caused most frequently by rapid correction of hyponatremia and is characterized by demyelination that affects the central portion of the base of the pons. Here is the latest research on this disease.

Epigenome Editing

Epigenome editing is the directed modification of epigenetic marks on chromatin at specified loci. This tool has many applications in research as well as in the clinic. Find the latest research on epigenome editing here.