Jun 6, 1998

Human glioma associated intermediate filament proteins: over-expression, co-localization and cross-reactivity

Anticancer Research
M S AbazaM Z Atassi

Abstract

The identification of human brain tumor-associated markers could facilitate the development of new diagnostic and therapeutic strategies for these malignancies. The type III intermediate filament proteins (IFPs): vimentin, desmin and glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) were studied in human glioma tissue extracts, in sera from glioma patients and in low passage glioma cell lines prepared from primary cultures of freshly dissected tumors. Radioimmunoassay (RIA) studies, using anti-GFAP, anti-desmin and anti-vimentin mAbs, showed high levels of these proteins in glioma extracts. Binding studies with authentic IFPs indicated the absence of circulating antibodies against these proteins in the sera of glioma patients. On the other hand, these sera showed high levels of vimentin. Binding studies with these antibodies using RIAs and western immunoblotting, showed that while anti-GFAF mAbs were specific to GFAP, anti-desmin mAb cross-reacted completely with GFAP, anti-vimentin mAb cross-reacted substantially with desmin and GFAP. Immunofluorescence staining of frozen sections revealed high levels of neurofilaments in gliomas and strikingly low levels in normal brain tissue. Double immunofluorescence staining showed co-occurrence of ...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Glioblastoma Multiforme
Monoclonal Antibodies
Glial Fibrillary Acidic Protein
GFAP
DES
Mixed Oligoastrocytoma
Neoplasms
Cross Reactions
Desmin
VIM

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