Human immunodeficiency virus type 1-infected blood donors: epidemiologic, laboratory, and donation characteristics. The HIV Blood Donor Study Group

L R Petersen, L S Doll


Transmission of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) by homologous blood transfusion in the United States (US) is minimized by the deferral of potential donors who are at risk for HIV-1 infection and by the screening of all donations for HIV-1 antibody. HIV-1-seropositive donors at 20 blood centers were studied for information to be used in evaluating the safety of the US blood supply and making recommendations to increase that safety. From June 1988 to August 1989, 829 (0.04%) of 2,192,000 donors were found to be seropositive; 512 were interviewed. Of 388 seropositive men, 56 percent had had sex with men, 10 percent had used drugs intravenously, 8 percent had had sex with intravenous drug users, and 27 percent had no identified risk. Of 124 seropositive women, 58 percent had had sex with men at risk for HIV (81% of whom used drugs intravenously), 5 percent had used drugs intravenously, and 41 percent had no identified risk. Racial and ethnic minorities made up 68 percent of seropositive donors (black, 38%; Hispanic, 30%) and approximately 14 percent of all donors. The 157 persons with no identified risk had demographic characteristics and serologic test results for syphilis and hepatitis B that were more similar to thos...Continue Reading


Jan 11, 2012·Public Health Nutrition·Edward L MurphyUNKNOWN NHLBI Retrovirus Epidemiology Donor Study II
Dec 2, 2000·Transfusion·C F de OliveiraM P Busch
Jan 8, 2004·AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses·Eric L DelwartMichael P Busch
Dec 19, 2006·Transfusion Medicine Reviews·Louis M KatzEdward L Wallace
Sep 27, 2007·Transfusion·Mark N PolizzottoUNKNOWN Australian Red Cross Blood Service Donor and Product Safety Team
Mar 23, 2013·Vox Sanguinis·C de Almeida-NetoUNKNOWN NHLBI Retrovirus Epidemiology Donor Study-II (REDS-II) International Component, Brazil
Oct 1, 1996·Transfusion Medicine Reviews·R G Cable
Nov 3, 1998·Transfusion Medicine Reviews·S Kleinman, A E Williams
Dec 5, 2014·Transfusion·Brian CusterUNKNOWN NHLBI Retrovirus Epidemiology Donor Study-II (REDS-II)
Oct 27, 1991·The New England Journal of Medicine·M S IraniL J Lucco
Mar 22, 2015·AIDS and Behavior·Hong-Ha M TruongThelma T Gonçalez

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