Human leukocyte antigen-B27-associated uveitis: long-term follow-up and gender differences

American Journal of Ophthalmology
Arthur Menno BraakenburgAniki Rothova

Abstract

To evaluate clinical features and gender differences in human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-B27-associated acute anterior uveitis (AAU) in long-term follow-up. Retrospective cohort study. The clinical records of 177 HLA-B27-positive patients (96 males [54%] and 81 females [46%]) who sought treatment for acute anterior uveitis (AAU) at the University Medical Center Utrecht between January 1995 and December 2005 were evaluated. All patients had a minimum follow-up of at least one year. The clinical data were analyzed at standardized intervals (one, five, and 10 years after the onset of uveitis). Average age at onset of AAU was 36 years, with no differences between males and females. HLA-B27-associated systemic disease developed earlier in males than in females (31 vs 37 years; P=.021). Consequently, at onset of AAU, HLA-B27-associated systemic disease were more frequent in males than in females (25/75 [33%] males vs nine/54 [17%] females; P=.030); however over time, males and females were at equal risk of developing a HLA-B27-associated systemic disease. Bilateral uveitis developed more frequently in females (6/45 [13%] of males vs 11/35, [31%] of females; P=.05). In none of the patients did bilateral visual acuity of less than 0.5 dev...Continue Reading

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