DOI: 10.1101/489906Dec 7, 2018Paper

Human Norovirus Neutralized by a Monoclonal Antibody Targeting the HBGA Pocket

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Anna D KoromyslovaGrant Hansman

Abstract

Temporal changes in the GII.4 human norovirus capsid sequences occasionally result in the emergence of genetic variants capable of causing new epidemics. The GII.4 persistence is believed to be associated with the recognition of numerous histo-blood group antigen (HBGA) types and antigenic drift. We found that one of the earliest known GII.4 isolate (1974) and a more recent epidemic GII.4 variant (2012) had varied norovirus-specific monoclonal antibody (MAb) reactivities, yet similar HBGA binding profiles. To better understand the binding interaction of one MAb (10E9) that had varied reactivities with these GII.4 variants, we determined the X-ray crystal structure of the NSW-2012 GII.4 P domain 10E9 Fab complex. We showed that the 10E9 Fab interacted with conserved and variable residues, which could be associated with antigenic drift. Interestingly, the 10E9 Fab binding pocket partially overlapped the HBGA pocket and haddirect competition for conserved HBGA binding residues (i.e., Arg345 and Tyr444). Indeed, the 10E9 MAb blocked norovirus VLPs from binding to several sources of HBGAs. Moreover, the 10E9 antibody completely abolished virus replication in the human norovirus intestinal enteroid cell culture system. Our new findin...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Monoclonal Antibodies
Antigens
Fab Immunoglobulins
Obstruction
Virus Replication
Virus
Blood group antigen A
Laboratory Culture
Structure
Gene Mutant

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