Nov 5, 2018

Human papillomavirus 16 E2 regulates keratinocyte gene expression relevant to cancer and the viral life cycle

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Michael R EvansIain M. Morgan

Abstract

Human papillomaviruses (HPV) are causative agents in ano-genital and oropharyngeal cancers. The virus must reprogram host gene expression to promote infection, and E6 and E7 contribute to this via targeting of cellular transcription factors including p53 and pRb, respectively. The HPV16 E2 protein regulates host gene expression in U2OS cells and in this study we extend these observations into TERT immortalized oral keratinocytes (NOKs) that are capable of supporting late stages of the HPV16 life cycle. We observed repression of innate immune genes by E2 that are also repressed by the intact HPV16 genome in NOKs. RNA-seq data identified 167 up and 395 downregulated genes by E2; there was a highly significant overlap of the E2 regulated genes with those regulated by the intact HPV16 genome in the same cell type. siRNA targeting of E2 reversed repression of E2 targeted genes. The ability of E2 to repress innate immune genes was confirmed in an ano-genital immortalized keratinocyte cell line, N/Tert-1. We present analysis of data from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) for HPV16 positive and negative head and neck cancers (HNC) suggesting that E2 plays a role in regulation of the host genome in cancers. Patients with HPV16 positive HNC...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Study
Human Papillomavirus
The Cancer Genome Atlas
Specimen Type - Genital
Anal Fistula
Virus
Genome
Genes
RNA, Small Interfering
Regulation of Biological Process

About this Paper

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