PMID: 8943407Dec 1, 1996Paper

Humoral immunity and regulation of intrapulmonary growth of Legionella pneumophila in the immunocompetent host

The Journal of Immunology : Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
J K BrielandC Engleberg


The potential role of humoral immunity in regulating intrapulmonary growth of Legionella pneumophila in the immunocompetent host was investigated using a murine model of Legionnaires' disease. Intratracheal inoculation of A/J mice with a virulent strain of L. pneumophila (10(6) bacteria per mouse) resulted in the recruitment of B lymphocytes into the lung and the development of anti-L. pneumophila Ab. Opsonization of L. pneumophila in vitro with anti-L. pneumophila-specific mAb resulted in a significant decrease in intrapulmonary growth of the bacteria at 24 to 72 h postinfection. Transmission electron microscopic analysis of lung tissue from L. pneumophila- infected mice demonstrated that while there was no significant difference between phagocytosis of the unopsonized and opsonized L. pneumophila by alveolar macrophages at 24 h postinfection, phagocytosis of opsonized bacteria by alveolar mononuclear phagocytic cells was significantly enhanced at 48 h postinfection. Depletion of A/J mice of complement before intratracheal inoculation of opsonized L. pneumophila (10(6) bacteria per mouse) did not significantly alter intrapulmonary growth of L. pneumophila. These results suggest that anti-L. pneumophila Ab, produced during repl...Continue Reading

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