PMID: 7783Jul 1, 1976

Hydrogen donor system for Escherichia coli ribonucleoside-diphosphate reductase dependent upon glutathione

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
A Holmgren


E. coli B tsnC 7004, an E. coli B/1 mutant with normal phenotype unable to replicate phage T7 DNA [Chamberlin, M. (1974)J. Virol. 14,509-516], contained no detectable level of thioredoxin when assayed with ribonucleotide reductase (2'-deoxyribonucleoside-diphosphate:oxidized-thioredoxin 2'-oxidoreductase, EC Gently lysed E. coli tsnC 7004 cell extracts reduced CDP when supplemented with NADPH as efficiently as the parent strain E. coli B/1 despite the lack of thioredoxin, indicating the presence of another hydrogen transport system. This could be divided into two parts by heat treatment at 85degrees; one heat-stable fraction, which was active in the presence of dithiothreitol or glutathione, and one heat-labile fraction. Addition of yeast glutathione reductase [NAD(P)H:oxidized-glutathione oxidoreductase, EC] to the heated extracts restored full activity. The results demonstrate a novel hydrogen transport system in E. coli consisting of NADPH, glutathione, glutathione reductase, and a heat-stable enzyme called "glutaredoxin". Reduced glutathione at physiological concentrations functions as hydrogen donor for ribonucleotide reduction only in the presence of glutaredoxin. Glutaredoxin was not reduced by E. coli...Continue Reading


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