Hydrogen/deuterium exchange kinetics of apolipophorin-III in lipid-free and phospholipid-bound states. An analysis by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy.

The Journal of Biological Chemistry
V RaussensJ M Ruysschaert

Abstract

Attenuated total reflection Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy was used to probe the kinetics of hydrogen/deuterium exchange in Manduca sexta apolipophorin-III (apoLp-III). ApoLp-III is an exchangeable apolipoprotein that is made up of five elongated amphipathic alpha-helices in a helical bundle conformation in the monomeric lipid-free form. Upon interaction with phospholipids, it is postulated to undergo a large conformational change whereby the hydrophobic interior is exposed, facilitating binding to the lipid surfaces. We have used the lipid-free and dimyristoylphosphatidylcholine-bound apoLp-III to study the dynamically variable domains in the two forms. Three populations of amide protons varying in their hydrogen/deuterium exchange rates were found to exist: slow, intermediate, and fast exchanging, which could correspond to completely buried, partially buried, and solvent-exposed domains on the protein in both the states. In lipid-free apoLp-III, 36, 12, and 52% of the total residues contributed to the slow, intermediate, and fast exchanging populations, respectively. In the dimyristoylphosphatidylcholine-bound form, the corresponding distribution was 20, 16, and 64%, representing a 12% increase in the number of expos...Continue Reading

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Related Concepts

Apolipophorin-II
Amides
Metazoa
Apolipoproteins
Carrier Proteins
Deuterons
Dimyristoylphosphatidylcholine
Kinetics
Plasma Protein Binding Capacity
Protein Conformation

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