Apr 22, 1976

Hydrolysis of neutral glycerides by lipases of rat brain microsomes

Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta
M C Cabot, S Gatt


The hydrolysis of monoacylglycerol and diacylglycerol by rat brain microsomes was followed by measuring the release of glycerol and monooleylglycerol from dispersions of water insoluble glyceryl esters of oleic acid. The microsomes showed three lipolytic activities. One activity, optimal at pH 4.8, catalyzed the hydrolysis of diacylglycerol but not monoacylglycerol. Two other lipolytic activities, optimal at pH 8.0-8.6, catalyzed the hydrolysis of both diacylglycerol and monoacylglycerol. The pH 8.0-8.6 activities were sensitive to heat and SH-reagents. Detergents were inhibitory in all cases. Extraction of the microsomes with KCl, KSCN, urea or Triton X-100 did not change the ratio of diacylglycerol hydrolysis at pH 4.8 and 8.0. The results of subcellular fractionation studies showed that there was no significant enrichment of the acid lipase in any fraction.

Mentioned in this Paper

Subcellular Fractionation
Sulfhydryl Reagents
Potassium thiocyanate
Urea Measurement
Subcellular Fractions

About this Paper

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