Jun 1, 1976

Hydrolysis-resynthesis equilibrium of the lysine-15--alanine-16 peptide bond in bovine trypsin inhibitor (Kunitz)

Hoppe-Seyler's Zeitschrift für physiologische Chemie
H Tschesche, S Kupfer


Catalytic amounts of bovine beta-trypsin, bovine alpha-chymotrypsin and porcine plasmin establish a true thermodynamic equilibrium between virgin (I) (reactive site Lys15-Ala16 peptide bond intact) and modified (I) (this bond hydrolyzed) bovine trypsin/kallikrein inhibitor (Kunitz). The very slow reaction rates for attaining equilibrium are pH-dependent and differ for different enzymes. Optimal rates are for beta-trypsin at pH 3.75, for alpha-chymotrypsin at pH 5.5, and for plasmin at pH 5.0. Under conditions of optimum pH the equilibrium is reached with the highest rate by plasmin. In 10(-5)M inhibitor solutions the equilibrium concentrations of virgin and modified inhibitor are established by plasmin after almost 300 days starting from either pure virgin or pure modified inhibitor. Thus, the hydrolysis constant KHyd = [I]/[I] is determined to be 0.33 at pH 5.0. In spite of many unsuccessful attempts, this demonstrates that the reactive site peptide bond Lys15-Ala16 in the bovine trypsin inhibitor (Kunitz) can be hydrolyzed by catalytic amounts of endopeptidase. It further confirms that the hydrolyzed Lys15-Ala16 peptide bond in modified inhibitor is subject to thermodynamic control resynthesis.

Mentioned in this Paper

Enzymes, antithrombotic
Trypsin Inhibitors
Trypsin Inhibitor, Kunitz Soybean
Bos taurus

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