PMID: 41241Sep 1, 1979

Hydroperoxides can modulate the redox state of pyridine nucleotides and the calcium balance in rat liver mitochondria

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
H R LötscherC Richter


When rats are fed a selenium-deficient diet, the glutathione peroxidase activity in liver mitochondria decreases within 5 weeks to 0-6% of that of control animals fed on a diet supplemented with 0.5 ppm of selenium as sodium selenite. Analysis of the temperature dependence of energy-linked Ca(2+) uptake by means of Arrhenius plots reveals two breaks (at around 11 degrees C and 24 degrees C) in mitochondria isolated from selenium-supplemented animals, whereas in selenium-deficient rats the break at 11 degrees C is absent. Ca(2+)-loaded mitochondria of selenium-supplemented rats-i.e., with active glutathione peroxidase in the matrix-lose Ca(2+) rapidly, with a concomitant oxidation of endogenous NAD(P)H, when exposed to t-butyl hydroperoxide or H(2)O(2). In contrast, in selenium deficiency, t-butyl hydroperoxide and H(2)O(2) induce neither a release of Ca(2+) nor an oxidation of NAD(P)H. The peroxide-induced oxidation of NAD(P)H is reversible in the presence of succinate when no Ca(2+) has been taken up. When Ca(2+) has previously been accumulated, however, the oxidation of NAD(P)H is irreversible. Enzymatic analysis of mitochondrial pyridine nucleotides reveals that the peroxide-induced oxidation of NAD(P)H in Ca(2+)-loaded mito...Continue Reading


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Calcium [EPC]
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